Inherited Toxicity: An Expanded Concept of Sustainability for Preservation

Authors

  • Amy Swift Perkins+Will

Downloads

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52200/44.A.KES8ABO1

Keywords:

Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing

Abstract

Sustainability is a concept that has been accepted as a foundation for professional practice, and toxicity of materials is gaining concern. While the topic of material toxicity is generally addressed with regard to new materials, the built environment represents a history of embedded toxins. However, this aspect of ‘inherited toxicity’ is scarcely addressed. Considering the toxic potential associated with 20th century building materials, this will grow more critical for the preservation field to address in coming years. In response to the increasing regulation of copper in both Europe and the US, the case study at Frank Lloyd Wright’s Price Tower (1956) is an exploration of whether or not an acute environmental impact from the building’s exterior copper elements exists, the results of which are assessed based on an expanded toxicology of copper.

How to Cite

Swift, A. (2011). Inherited Toxicity: An Expanded Concept of Sustainability for Preservation. Docomomo Journal, (44), 58–67. https://doi.org/10.52200/44.A.KES8ABO1

Published

2011-08-01

Author Biography

Amy Swift, Perkins+Will

Is a designer and researcher specializing in sustainable building materials. She has consulted on multiple LEED and adaptive reuse projects while working for Perkins+Will (2006–present). Columbia University, MS in Historic Preservation (2011); Lawrence Technological University, BS in Interior Architecture (2006); Kent State University, Architectural Studies (2001–03).

References

National Park Service, Guiding Principles for Sustainable Design, 1993.

Elefante, Carl, The Greenest Building is... One That is Already Built, Forum Journal, Summer 2007, 26–38.

Lloyd Wright, Frank, The Disappearing City, New York, W.F. Payson, 1932.

Coles, William A., Architecture in America: A Battle of Styles, New York, Ardent Media, 1961.

Kirkham, Pat and Perkins, Scott W., “Interiors, Furniture, and Furnishings,” Alofsin, Anthony, ed., Prairie Architecture: Frank Lloyd Wright’s Price Tower, New York, Rizzoli, 2005.

National Historic Landmark Nomination, The Price Tower, OMB No. 1024–0018, United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, March 2007.

Watts, James D. “Frank Lloyd Wright–designed Skyscraper in Running for UNESCO World Heritage Site,” Architectural Record, online journal, April 10, 2011.

Robert W. Peters, “Treatment in Copper–Laden Waste Streams,” Richardson,

H. Wayne, ed., Handbook of Copper Compounds and Applications, New York, Marcel Dekker, 1997.

Turner, Allison, “Urban Agriculture and Soil Contamination: An Introduction to Urban Gardening,” Practice Guide #25, Environmental

Finance Center, EPA Region 4. University of Louisville, Center for Environmental Policy and Management, Winter 2009.

Swift, Amy, “The Toxicology of Copper and Its Implications For Preservation”, Columbia University, Masters Thesis, 2011.