Design with Climate in Africa. The World of Galleries, Brise–Soleil and Beta Windows


  • João Vieira Caldas Instituto Superior Técnico




Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing


In the twenty–five years after World War II, Angola and Mozambique were fertile territories for the inception of new urban and architectural projects, in keeping with the principles of the Modern Movement. In the earliest works designed by the architects who moved there in the late 1940s, one can already witness a serious concern with the adjustment to the particularities of the hot and humid climate of the tropics. The Modern architectural idiom was particularly well suited to the local climate building requirements such as solar control and provision of adequate ventilation. Moreover, these architectural solutions were underpinned by sustainable procedures that ought to be re–established in the restoration of Modern buildings of the type presented here.

How to Cite

Caldas, J. V. (2011). Design with Climate in Africa. The World of Galleries, Brise–Soleil and Beta Windows. Docomomo Journal, (44), 16–23.




Author Biography

João Vieira Caldas, Instituto Superior Técnico

Has an M.A. in Art History and a PhD in Architecture. Over the years he has divided his time between the practice of architecture, teaching, research and architectural criticism. He has worked in built heritage intervention projects, and participated in various scholarly inventories and studies on architectural and urban heritage. He teaches Art History and Theory of Architecture at the Instituto Superior Técnico, in Lisbon.


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