Brasilia. Monumentality Issues

Authors

  • Carlos Eduardo Comas Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul image/svg+xml

Downloads

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52200/43.A.DM9EB04A

Keywords:

Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing

Abstract

Lúcio Costa proposes an urbs and a civitas in his winning entry for the Brasilia competition (1957). The new seat of citizenship was to celebrate the March to the West dreamt by Brazilian Independence’s Patriarch José Bonifácio (1823) - who named the new capital - and taken up by president Juscelino Kubitschek (1955) - who promised fifty years of progress in five. Brasilia was to be a machine for remembering past, present and future hopes. Therefore, it had to be a memorable object itself, composed of memorable elements; differentiation from context counted in all levels. Like Costa, Oscar Niemeyer knew that common monumental features included volumetric simplicity, unusual size, scale or shape and extraordinary richness, as shown by his Palácio da Alvorada, the presidential residence (1956).

How to Cite

Comas, C. E. (2010). Brasilia. Monumentality Issues. Docomomo Journal, (43), 40–43. https://doi.org/10.52200/43.A.DM9EB04A

Published

2010-11-01

Issue

Section

Essays

Author Biography

Carlos Eduardo Comas, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul

Studied architecture in Porto Alegre, Philadelphia and Paris and has written and lectured extensively on modern Brazilian architecture and urbanism. He is Full Professor at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil; editor of its Graduate Program in architecture journal ARQTEXTO, and chair of Docomomo Brazil.

References

Comas, Carlos Eduardo. Précisions brésiliennes sur un état passé de l’architecture et l’urbanisme modernes, d’après les projets et les oeuvres de Lúcio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer, MMM Roberto, Affonso Reidy, Jorge Moreira et cie., 1936–45. (doctoral thesis, Université de Paris VIII, 2002).

”Modern architecture, Brazilian corollary,” AA Files 36 (2000), 3–13.

Comas, Carlos Eduardo, and David Leatherbarrow. “Solving problems, making art, being modern.” Journal of Architectural Education vol. 64 issue 1 (Sept 2010), 65–68.

Costa, Lúcio. “Memória descritiva do Plano Piloto” in Lúcio Costa, Lúcio

Costa: Registro de uma vivência. (São Paulo: Empresa das Artes,

, 283–297.

”Monlevade 1934, projeto rejeitado.” Ibidem, 91–99.

”Cidade Universitária.” Ibidem,173–190.

”Considerações sobre a arte contemporânea.” Ibidem, 245–258.

”Íngredientes” da concepção urbanística de Brasília.”Ibidem, 282.

”Imprévu et importance de la contribution des architectes brésiliens au developpement de l’architecture contemporaine.” L’architecture d’aujourd’hui 42–43 (1952), 4–7.

De Oliveira, Marcelo Puppi. “Unfinished spaces: Le Corbusier, Lúcio Costa and the Brazil House saga.” DE QUINCY, Quatremère. Encyclopédie Méthodique (Paris: Panckouke,1788), voix Caractère. Arqtexto 12 (2008/2).

Evenson, Norma. Two Brazilian Capitals. Architecture and Urbanism in Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1973), 204–205.

Galantay, Ervin Y. New towns: antiquity to the present. (New York: Braziller, 1975), 7–8, plate 3.

Guadet. Julien Eléments et Théorie de l’Architecture (Paris: Librairie de la construction moderne, 1904), 132

Le Corbusier. Le Modulor 1 (Basel: Birkhauser, 2000 [1952]), 224.

Loeffer, Jane C. The architecture of diplomacy: building American embassies (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1998

Mayerhofer, Lucas. Introdução ao estudo dos tetos abobadados. Sua origem e evolução na antiguidade (Rio: ed. do autor, 1950), plate V, 57.

Niemeyer, Oscar. “Palácio residencial de Brasília.” Módulo 7 (1957): 2. ”Official theatres in the cultural sector of Brasilia.” Módulo 17 (1960),]: 6.

Papadaki, Stamo. Oscar Niemeyer (New York: Braziller, 1960), 29.

Santos, Paulo F. A arquitetura da sociedade industrial. (Belo Horizonte: UFMG, 1961), 160–83.