Muralism and Architecture: Art Fusion at Mexico’s University City

Authors

  • Lourdes Cruz Faculty of Architecture (UNAM)

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52200/42.A.GBLRP8HZ

Keywords:

Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing

Abstract

University City is one of the best examples of twentieth-century Mexican architecture. It has been declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco for it managed to synthesize tradition and avant-garde to create a place where the articulating landscape design is able to assign emptiness a compositional value; while the harmonious layout of the buildings and their careful construction merge with murals that play an important role in forming their identity. These grand scale murals (1952-1956) were capable of communicating the values and spirit of the Mexican revolutionary movement, such as progress and social reform, while also teaching people about the country’s history and its social struggle. The result is a very realistic, didactic, and even narrative art which appeals to the masses.

How to Cite

Cruz, L. (2010). Muralism and Architecture: Art Fusion at Mexico’s University City. Docomomo Journal, (42), 24–33. https://doi.org/10.52200/42.A.GBLRP8HZ

Published

2010-07-01

Author Biography

Lourdes Cruz, Faculty of Architecture (UNAM)

Is a researcher and coordinator of UNAM’s Faculty of Architecture’s Mexican Architects’ Archive. She has written many articles for specialized magazines as well as books on twentieth-century Mexican architecture. She is part of the national Researchers System, the International Committee of Architectural Critics, and of Docomomo Mexico chapter.

References

Anda, Alanís, Enrique X. de. Ciudad Universitaria. Cincuenta años, 1952–2002. Mexico: UNAM, 2002.

“La Ciudad Universitaria de México,” Arquitectura México 39. September 1952.

Ciudad Universitaria. Crisol del México Moderno. Mexico: Fondation UNAM, UNAM, 2009.

C.U. Ciudad Universitaria de México. Murales en la Ciudad Universitaria. Drawings of J. Horna. Mexico: Editions University City, 1954.

Lazo, Carlos. Pensamiento y destino de la Ciudad Universitaria de México. Mexico: UNAM, 1952.

Pani, Mario, and del Moral, Enrique. La Construcción de la Ciudad Universitaria del Pedregal, México, vol. XII. Mexico: General Management Publications, UNAM, 1979.

Rodríguez Mortero, Itzel. “Muralismo en la Universidad,” in Maravillas y Curiosidades. Mundos inéditos de la Universidad (exhibition catalog). Mexico: UNAM, CONACULTA, Federal District Government, 2002.

Rojas, Pedro. La Ciudad Universitaria a la época de su construcción. Mexico: Study Center on the University, UNAM, 1979.