NATIONAL TRADITIONS IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF UKRAINIAN MODERNISM OF THE EARLY 20TH CENTURY

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Keywords:

Ukrainian Modernism, identity, national traditions, figurative solution

Abstract

The national identity of Ukrainian architecture in the early 20th century manifested itself in the formation and development of the style of Ukrainian Modernism. This style was formed and spread in different regions of Ukraine as an original national style based on modern European achievements. Today, the issues of preserving its independence and national authenticity in architecture have become very important for Ukraine. Understanding the architectural style based on national traditions can guide the future development of Ukrainian architecture. The article considers Ukrainian Modernism in the context of general cultural developments. It provides a general description of the style of Ukrainian Modernism in the early 20th century, with an indication of the geographical locations where it developed and the main features of Ukrainian culture in the studied period. Theoretical and empirical research methods are used in this article, including a graphical analysis of the overall composition of buildings and their architectural details. The influence of Ukrainian Art Nouveau on the further development of Ukrainian architecture is explored, highlighting the relevance of national identity in architecture. The novelty of the study is the focus on the generalization of morphological features for the formation of a national style. The research can contribute to the revival of the national identity of Ukrainian culture at the present stage. Today, the study and analysis of national features of historical architectural heritage are important for Ukrainian society, as the post-war reconstruction of Ukrainian cities might be based partly on national authenticity in the figurative design of buildings, squares, and ensembles.

How to Cite

Novoselchuk, N. (2022). NATIONAL TRADITIONS IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF UKRAINIAN MODERNISM OF THE EARLY 20TH CENTURY. Docomomo Journal, (67). Retrieved from https://docomomojournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/552

Published

2022-12-12

Author Biography

Natalia Novoselchuk, Department of Architecture of Buildings and Design National University “Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava Polytechnic”

Liudmyla Shevchenko (Ukraine, 1970) Architect, PhD, Associate Professor at the Educational and Scientific Institute of Architecture, Construction and Land Management, National University “Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava Polytechnic”, Poltava, Ukraine (1995-2022). Wrote a number of articles on the architectural and historical heritage of the Poltava region (Ukraine), social housing, and historical and modern aspects of landscape design.

References

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