ARCHITECTURE OF AVANT-GARDE IN UKRAINE IN 1921-1939: ORIGINS, WAYS OF SPREADING, MAIN FEATURES

Case study of Volyn

Authors

  • Olga Mykhaylyshyn Head of the Chair of Architecture and Environmental Design (Civil Engineering and Architecture), National University of Water Management and Nature Resources Use (Rivne, Ukraine) https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3046-7923

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Keywords:

Architecture, Avant-garde, Heritage, Volyn, Ukraine

Abstract

The heritage of the architectural Avant-garde in Ukraine, formed in the interwar period (1921-1939), is large-scale in the number of objects and diverse in their typology, techniques and forms of expression of modern architectural ideas. Volyn – a historical Ukraine region that, at that time, was part of Poland (the Second Polish Republic) – plays a special role in this context. To date, the region has preserved a significant array of objects that demonstrate the specifics of the interpretation of European and Polish Avant-garde concepts. The article attempts to analyze the architectural context, ways of spreading and formation features of the architectural image of residential and public buildings as part of the European heritage of Interwar Modernism. Lack of professional evaluation and recognition of the objects’ value leads to their gradual degradation, reconstruction or destruction. Methods of comparative and stylistic analysis, archival research and field surveys of architectural objects were used in this research. The study showed that the spread of the Avant-Garde style in the architecture of Volyn was significantly delayed compared to similar processes in the architecture of Western Europe and Poland and reached its peak at the end of the interwar period. The use of formative techniques of Avant-Garde architecture in housing construction became an identifier and symbol of the social prestige of certain social groups. The design of public buildings reflected Volyn’s rapid social modernization.

How to Cite

Mykhaylyshyn, O. (2022). ARCHITECTURE OF AVANT-GARDE IN UKRAINE IN 1921-1939: ORIGINS, WAYS OF SPREADING, MAIN FEATURES: Case study of Volyn. Docomomo Journal, (67). Retrieved from https://docomomojournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/551

Published

2022-12-12

Author Biography

Olga Mykhaylyshyn, Head of the Chair of Architecture and Environmental Design (Civil Engineering and Architecture), National University of Water Management and Nature Resources Use (Rivne, Ukraine)

Olga Mykhaylyshyn (Ukraine, 1968) Architect, Doctor of Architecture, Professor, Head of Architecture and Environmental Design chair at the National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne (Ukraine). Since 2000, she has been working in the field of history of architecture and restoration of architectural monuments. She is the author of three monographs, two books and numerous articles on the architecture of Western Ukraine and the historical region Volyn in the first half of the 20th century in the context of general European architectural processes.

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