• Maxime Forest
  • Ievgeniia Gubkina
  • Owen Hatherley



In June 2022, UNESCO General Director, Audrey Azoulay warned that relentless attacks on Ukrainian cultural sites must cease. Yet, those have only further intensified since and as of early November 2022, according to the count made by her organization, 212 cultural sites had been totally or partially destroyed in Ukraine, among which 92 religious sites and 94 landmark buildings, monuments or historical sites, but also 16 museums and 10 libraries. To an organization founded in 1945 upon the rubble of WWII and whose mission notably consists in protecting world tangible and intangible heritage, the return of war in Europe represents a major challenge. 

How to Cite

Forest, M., Gubkina, I., & Hatherley, O. (2022). THE ENDANGERED CITIES OF UKRAINE: A CHALLENGE TO THE INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION OF HERITAGE. Docomomo Journal, (67). Retrieved from





Heritage in danger

Author Biographies

Maxime Forest

Maxime Forest (1976), is senior researcher and lecturer at Sciences Po Paris. His research interests include Gender, Politics and the Avant-Gardes. He is also the co-founder, with Laura Serra, of Kolektiv Cité Radieuse, an independent curatorial and research group devoted to the 20th built environment of Central, Eastern and Southern Europe, based at Le Corbusier’s Unité d’Habitation in Marseille. He recently co-curated the collective residency “Interpreting Modernism through Design” for Kaunas 2022 and organized with Sciences Po Urban School and the participation of UNESCO the conference “International Heritage Protection in War Times: The Case of Ukraine”.

Ievgeniia Gubkina

Ievgeniia Gubkina (1985), is an architectural historian, visiting researcher at UCL, and co-founder of the NGO Urban Forms Center. Her work specializes in architecture and urban planning of the 20th century in Ukraine, and a multidisciplinary approach to heritage studies. She is the author of Slavutych: Architectural Guide (DOM Publishers, 2015) and co-author of Soviet Modernism. Brutalism. Post-Modernism. Buildings and Structures in Ukraine 1955–1991 (DOM Publishers, 2019). In 2020–2021 she curated the Encyclopedia of Ukrainian Architecture, a multimedia online project that worked with architecture, history, criticism, cinema, and visual arts.

Owen Hatherley

Owen Hatherley (1981), writer, is the Culture Editor of Tribune. He writes for Architectural Review, Dezeen, the Guardian and the London Review of Books, among others and is the author of several books, including A Guide to the New Ruins of Great Britain (Verso, 2010), Landscapes of Communism (Allen Lane, 2015) ; The Ministry of Nostalgia (Verso, 2016) and Trans-Europe Express (Allen Lane, 2018). Most recently, he published the Red Metropolis : Socialism and the Government of London (Repeater Books, 2020) and Clean Living under Difficult Circumstances (Verso, 2021).