Destroyed multi-story houses of Northern Saltivka. © Victory Gritsayenko, 2023.
Innovatory Kharkiv Mass Housing Estates in Urban Planning of the 1960s-1980s





Russo -Ukrainian War, urban transformations, Kharkiv, innovations, mass housing


The destructions of the Russo-Ukrainian war are leading to a rapid loss of cultural heritage in Ukraine, including contemporary 20th century monuments in Kharkiv, the cradle of Ukrainian modernism. At the greatest risk are the sites, which were complex and not well understood heritage before the war - mass housing estates of 1960s-1980s. In view of the postwar reconstruction, there is a great need to analyze mass housing estates in Kharkiv as potential objects of preservation. The purpose of this article is to reveal the architectural and historical value of the first Kharkiv mass housing estates in terms of their innovation, which might be the basis for further preservation steps. The article focuses on the three earliest areas of mass housing estates of the city - Pavlovo Pole, Novi Budynky and Saltovsky mass housing, which were designed and built during the period of the transition to rapid and large-scale pre-fabricated industry in the late 1950s - early 1960s. It is namely during the design and construction of these estates that innovatory technologies and approaches were developed and tested, which were later used in the construction of new housing estates both in Kharkiv and in other cities of Ukraine. These innovations included the system of microdistricts, the staggered system of services for the population, and the method of focusing in urban planning. The creation of a number of standard series of pioneering residential buildings for mass industrial development by the “Kharkovproject” and “Ukrmistostroyproject” design institutes. The study is based on the reconstruction of the historical chronology of design work of 1960’s - 1980’s in the history of Ukrainian city planning; a comparative analysis of the first-erected housing estates, and the definition of the unique solutions of Kharkiv city planners that were implemented in the development of the first housing estates in Kharkiv.

How to Cite

Antonenko, N. (2024). Innovatory Kharkiv Mass Housing Estates in Urban Planning of the 1960s-1980s. Docomomo Journal, (70), 78–85.




Author Biography

Nadiia Antonenko, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

was born in Kharkiv, and has been living in Kyiv since 2018. Graduated from the Faculty of Architecture of the Kharkiv National University of Civil Engineering and Architecture (2010). Coordinator of the project of DOCOMOMO Virtual Exhibition in Ukraine (2015), co-organizer of DOCOMOMO Ukraine international conferences (2016, 2017, 2018). Activist of the NGO Urban Reforms (2015-2017). Participant of the international research project “Unloved Heritage, Socialist City?” and “The Future of Modernist Housing. Living Labs Socialist City “(2017-2022). Defended the Ph.D. thesis “Monument of modern architecture in the context of the architectural culture of the second half of the 20th century” (2019). Senior lecturer of the Chair of Information Technologies in Architecture of the Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture (2020). Author of a number of international professional scientific publications and participant of in international conferences.


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