Houses beyond manifestos





Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing


Brazilian historiography on modern architecture, replicated by international authors, confirms the importance and the pioneer stance of Gregori Ilitch Warchavchik (1896-1972)/Mina Klabin’s (1896-1969) 1927-1932 architecture in São Paulo, and the 1126 Bahia Street (Luiz da Silva Prado) house, 1930-1931, São Paulo, Brazil, is a remarkable example of their initial set of houses. Its design dialogues with other houses simultaneously designed by Adolf Loos (1870-1933), Le Corbusier (1887-1965), Juan O’Gorman (1905-1982), and the connections among all these modernist pieces and their authors suggest the informal existence of an interconnected network of creators, spread across continents. Likewise, they all put forward proselytizing strategies to amplify the repercussion of their works through exhibitions, publications, and debates. The generous internal spaces of this house on Bahia Street, the steady play of its geometrical composition, and its wise topographical and innovative landscape arrangements are well balanced, providing the authors’ aim of both making a manifesto and providing the site and the client’s necessities with an appropriate individual solution. The house has been used as a commercial space in recent decades, but it has been properly maintained and it is still in good shape.

How to Cite

Zein, R. V. (2021). Houses beyond manifestos. Docomomo Journal, (64), 18–25.






Author Biography

Ruth Verde Zein, Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie

Architect, FAU -USP, Brazil, 1977. PhD in Theory, History and Critique, Programa de pesquisa e Pós-graduação em Arquitetura da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (PROPAR -UFRGS), Brazil, 2005. Capes Prize 2006. Professor of Modern and Contemporary Architecture and Design in Undergraduate and Graduate Programs at Mackenzie Presbyterian University, São Paulo, since 1997. Member of docomomo, Society of Architectural Historians (SAH), European Architectural History Network (EAHN), and International Committee of Architectural Critics (CICA). Former senior editor of Projeto Magazine (1983-1996). Former Member of the editorial board of Architectural Histories Journal (2015-2018). Member of the editorial board of En Blanco and Arquitextos/Vitruvius journals. Frequent contributor to Brazilian and Iberoamerican magazines. Participates in many seminars and debates and has given conferences and courses as visiting professor in several countries. She has had hundreds of articles and more than ten books published, the last one being Critical Readings (Austin/ São Paulo, Nhamérica/Romano Guerra, 2019).


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