Housing Reloaded Collective. Housing in Europe, 1945–2015






Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing


“Should the grands ensembles be demolished?” This question was a major preoccupation for architects in the 1990s. Incidental as it may seem today, the question is not completely old hat. The initial, progressive shift towards the practise of maintenance is to be welcomed. But we still need to be conscious, looking forward, that the qualities or values of constructions built between 1945 and 1975 are only rarely recognized and safeguarded. A tremendous variety of strategies have been adopted, and this thematic issue on collective housing's present-day relevance proposes to revisit, on the European scale, this very multiplicity of approaches.

How to Cite

Graf, F., & Marino, G. (2016). Housing Reloaded Collective. Housing in Europe, 1945–2015. Docomomo Journal, (54), 4–9. https://doi.org/10.52200/54.A.FQC6H30X







Author Biographies

Franz Graf, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Graduate in architecture from the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Franz Graf is professor at the Accademia di Architettura di Mendrisio and at the EPFL. Since 2010 he has been President of docomomo Switzerland, and since 2012 member or the Comité des experts pour la restauration de l’oeuvre of the Le Corbusier Fondation.

Giulia Marino, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Master degree in architecture from the University of Florence and a PhD in architecture from the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL). Since 2007 she has been a teacher and scientist at the Laboratory of Techniques and Preservation of Modern Architecture at the EPFL (http://tsam. epfl.ch). She is Vice-President of docomomo Switzerland and a member of the Swiss Heritage Society.


GRAF, Franz, MARINO, Giulia, “Mirabilia ou ressource durable? Le patrimoine récent à l’épreuve des enjeux énergétiques”, Kunst + Architektur in der Schweiz, 2, June 2015, 58–65.

GRAF, Franz, MARINO, Giulia, “Modern and Green: Heritage, Energy and Economy”, in Ana Tostões, Liu Kecheng (dir.), Docomomo International 1988 – 2012: Key Papers in Modern Architectural Heritage Conservation, China Architecture & Building Press, Pekin, 2012, 183–193, 152–161.

GRAF, Franz, MARINO, Giulia, “Strategien zum Erhalt moderner Architektur”, werk, bauen+wohnen, n° 10, octobre 2013, 20–25.

GRAF, Franz, MARINO, Giulia, La cité du Lignon 1963 – 1971 — Étude Architecturale et Stratégies D’Intervention, Cahier Hors Série de la Revue Patrimoine et Architecture, Infolio, 2012.

GRAF, Franz, MARINO, Giulia, Patrimoine Moderne, Énergie, Économie: Stratégies de Sauvegarde, EPFL–TSAM, Stiftung zur Förderung der Denkmalpflege, 2015.