The Preservation of Authenticity and the Awareness of the Necessary





Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing


The architecture of the Modern Movement in Oporto, Portugal, built between 1940 and 1960, is a recent heritage, whose scant recognition has been accelerating its natural degradation and increasing interventions of questionable quality. On one hand, the technical and structural weaknesses of the architecture of this period can be the cause of accelerated degradation, which are, in part, a consequence of successive experiments of new materials like concrete. On the other hand, we note the absence of disciplinary criteria in contemporary interventions, which suggests the fragility of the legal and logical framework for the material protection of this architectural legacy. This study analyses multi-family housing buildings built in Oporto with undeniable architectural quality and characteristics of the Modern Movement — the Parnaso, Ouro and D. Afonso V buildings. Apart from a reflection on the strategies for renovation, reuse and effective adaptation of these buildings to contemporary living requirements, this study aims to establish a relation between the spatial, technical and social transformations and the preservation of the originality/authenticity of these buildings.

How to Cite

Rocha, L. (2014). The Preservation of Authenticity and the Awareness of the Necessary. Docomomo Journal, (51), 80–84.





Documentation Issues

Author Biography

Luciana Rocha, University of Porto

(b. Santa Maria da Feira, Portugal, 1983). Architect (2007) from the Faculty of Architecture of University of Porto (FAUP). Researcher at “Atlas da Casa” (CEAU-FCT). Luciana Rocha worked at Eduardo Souto de Moura office between 2008 and 2010 and within research, developed studies at TSAM Laboratory (EPFL, Lausanne) under the supervision of Professor Franz Graf, chair of docomomo Switzerland.

She is currently developing her PhD thesis at FAUP, on Oporto Modern Multifamily Housing Intervention methodologies’ and preservation (1930–1960), under the supervision of Professor Ana Tostões, chair of docomomo International, and Professor Luís Soares Carneiro.


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