From the Late 19th Century House Question to Social Housing Programs in the 30s: the Nationalist Regulation of the Picturesque in Portugal

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52200/51.A.1V7PRY77

Keywords:

Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing

Abstract

In the early 20th century in Portugal, a new architecture was produced as the offspring of different references, conforming to a process of “Portugueseness” based on the picturesque. From the beginning of the dictatorship in 1926, the State took advantage of that phenomenon to sublimate nationalist values. Through the first programs of mass housing construction, the single-family house became an object of consumption and a cornerstone of national identity. The search for identity brings together different architectures across the century featuring a renewed Portuguese sentiment infused with different perspectives on the “homeland”, its history and its culture.

How to Cite

Ramos, R. J. G., Gonçalves, E., & Silva, S. D. (2014). From the Late 19th Century House Question to Social Housing Programs in the 30s: the Nationalist Regulation of the Picturesque in Portugal. Docomomo Journal, (51), 60–67. https://doi.org/10.52200/51.A.1V7PRY77

Published

2014-11-01

Author Biographies

Rui Jorge Garcia Ramos, University of Porto

(b. Portugal, 1961) is an Architect and Associate Professor with Habilitation at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto (FAUP). He is currently engaged in the Integrated Master’s Degree Program (MIARQ) and in the PhD Program in Architecture (PDA). He is a researcher at the Study Center of Architecture and Urbanism (CEAU) in the working group “Atlas da Casa”, financed by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). His research interests include: the house; living spaces and lifestyles; culture and housing; architecture and identity in 20th-century Portugal.

Eliseu Gonçalves, University of Porto

(b. Portugal, 1966) is an Architect and Assistant Professor with Habilitation at the FAUP. He is a researcher at CEAU in the working group “Atlas da Casa”, financed by the FCT. Currently developing a PhD thesis about working-class housing in Oporto in the beginning of the last century. Part of this research has been presented at conferences and journals.

Sérgio Dias Silva, University of Porto

(b. Portugal, 1982) is an Architect and a PhD Student at FAUP, currently developing a thesis on the Estado Novo’s Affordable Houses program. He is a researcher at the CEAU in the working group “Atlas da Casa”.