Social Housing in the 60s in São Paulo


  • Maria Luiza Sanvitto Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul image/svg+xml




Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing


The 60s was a decade of profound change in Brazil. The federal capital was transferred to Brasília, which represented the realization of the ideal of the modern city envisaged at CIAM IV. Modern architecture, which in its Brazilian version, was characterized by the Escola Carioca (Rio de Janeiro School), gave way to the São Paulo avant-garde, concerned with truth to materials and social aspirations. In politics we saw the shift from a democratic government to a military dictatorship, which sought to legitimize itself through the creation of a state funding system to solve the nation’s housing deficit. These factors created the conditions for the development of a series of housing projects, including the exemplary project discussed in this paper.

How to Cite

Sanvitto, M. L. (2014). Social Housing in the 60s in São Paulo. Docomomo Journal, (51), 54–59.




Author Biography

Maria Luiza Sanvitto, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul

(b. 1952, Brazil). MA and PhD in Architecture, UFRFS, Brazil. Professor at Faculty of Architecture, UFRGS. 


Acrópole, No. 372, São Paulo, April 1970.

ARTIGAS, Rosa (org.), Paulo Mendes da Rocha, São Paulo, Cosac & Naify, 2000.

BASTOS, Maria Alice Junqueira; ZEIN, Ruth Verde, Brasil: Arquiteturas após 1950, São Paulo, Perspectiva, 2010.

FERRAZ, Marcelo Carvalho (org.), Vilanova Artigas: Arquitetos Brasileiros – Brazilian Architects, São Paulo, Instituto Lina Bo e P. M. Bardi, 1997.

João Batista Vilanova Artigas, 2G, No. 54, Barcelona, Editorial Gustavo Gili, 2010.

PENTEADO, Fábio, Fábio Penteado: Ensaios de Arquitetura, São Paulo, Empresa das Artes, 1998.

PISANI, Daniele, Paulo Mendes da Rocha: Obra Completa, São Paulo, Gustavo Gilli, 2013.

Projeto, No. 42, São Paulo, August 1982.

XAVIER, Alberto (org.), Lúcio Costa: Sobre Arquitetura, Porto Alegre, Centro de Estudantes Universitários de Arquitetura, 1962.